In Nazarene polity, tradition, and current practice, the local church pastor has many roles. One of the most important is 'theologian-in-residence.' The pastor is called to frame the conversation of his or her parish, to clearly communicate how the community of faith thinks about God, the world, the Church, and persons, making sure the congregation's lived-out practice fits with our theology.
This task not only involves what is said in sermons, but also in such details of congregational life as the choice of VBS curriculum, compassionate ministry, age-group programming, evangelism, and participation with other congregations. Our lived-out theology provides guidance in how we treat one another, how we deal with conflict and broken relationships, and how we lead others to Christ.
This pastoral task requires intensive training, and is the reason education for ordination includes significant coursework in biblical studies and theology. Our Wesleyan perspective calls us to a unique place in today's faith conversations.
We are neither fundamentalist nor liberal, and the tension inherent in this via media requires pastors who know and can clearly communicate what we believe as Nazarenes.
One of the most important ways the pastor serves as theologian-in-residence is through purposeful conversations. In my church, my friends have heard me say certain phrases so many times, that they repeat them as measures of whether a ministry or program fits with our theology.
'We believe God is working in everyone's life, all the time.'
'We are here to make evident the kingdom of God in our community.'
'Creating an environment where God's love can be experienced.'
'Showing people they belong before we can teach them what to believe or how to behave.'
'Holiness is demonstrated through loving relationships.'
'God does not waste a consecrated life.'
'We demonstrate Kingdom priorities in the way we treat people.'
'How we live Monday through Saturday is just as important as how we worship on Sunday.'
None of these are earth shattering in their creativity. They are just simple statements that help our congregation think and reflect theologically as we do life together as a community of faith.
Sometimes there is a temptation to do things simply because other churches are doing them, or because we have always done them, or because they elicit an emotional response, or because they seem to work.
While none of those reasons are necessarily wrong, they should not be the primary rationale for beginning or continuing a ministry. We should not organize our youth group solely to draw the most kids to our events, nor should we plan programs just to fill up a calendar. Our goal is Christlikeness, and busier people are not necessarily holier people (another one of our favorite phrases).
The pastor's role as theologian is essential as the congregation reflects on the reasons why we do what we do and works together in creating an environment where what we believe and how we live as a community of faith are in harmony.
Mike Schutz is senior pastor of the Avon Grove Church of the Nazarene, West Grove, Pennsylvannia. He also served at Eastern Nazarene College, Quincy, Massachusetts.
Holiness Today, September/October 2012
Please note: This article was originally published in 2012. All facts, figures, and titles were accurate to the best of our knowledge at that time but may have since changed.